Banjul Gambia History
We drove to the beautiful Cape Coast of Elmina to visit the slave castle Dungeon on the African coast, where slave trade took place.
It is believed that in the three centuries in which the transatlantic slave trade has been carried out, up to 3 million slaves have been abducted from the West African region. It is a place where slaves are held for two weeks before being extradited, and it was the site of the slave castle dungeon in Elmina where they were shipped. Many of them came from the region as part of the transatlantic slave trade that lasted for three centuries, as well as from other parts of Africa, such as Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal. According to some estimates, they took between 2 and 3.5 million slaves from the region during the three decades it was in operation.
Hannon, a Carthaginian, referred to Gambia in his writings and made it known to the outside world as "Gambia." The first known mention of Gambia dates back to the 17th century, in a letter to a friend in Rome. Other Europeans have also crossed it, such as the Portuguese, who recorded their achievements on the Gambian river.
He tried to find the best way to monitor the river and prevent ships from entering or leaving with slaves. He built a new fort on the Gambian river to control the movement of ships, and also a fortress in the city of Gambia.
Until 1816, the island at the mouth of the river was used as a base for the slave trade. The British found James Island, which is located on the rivers, to better control access to this island and enforce the law abolishing slavery.
The Gambia became a Crown Colony in 1886 and the following year formed a confederation with Senegal, the Senegalese Confederation. A year later, Britain and France outlined the borders between Senegal and Gambia, but integration faltered and in 1989 the Gambians withdrew from the arrangement.
The Treaty of Versailles of 1783 gave the Gambia to Britain, but the French retained control of Gambia until it was ceded to Britain in 1857. The 1784 Treaty between France and Great Britain, the first of its kind in the world, and the 1785 Treaty with the British gave the Gambian possession to Great Britain. After the end of the First World War, it retained a small part of Senegal in 1786, which had been ceded to France by Britain in 1789 in exchange for a share of Senegal's land.
The Gambia River was hotly contested between Britain and France, and several European powers fought over ownership of the river, with Britain eventually prevailing. In 1889, the present border area was defined by Great Britain and France, who later separated it for these reasons. The Gambian river and became the largest British colony in the province of Senegambia, which included what is now Senegal and Gambia. After the end of the First World War, in 1857, Gambia's British protectorate, surrounded by the French, was ruled by Senegal.
The British fist founded the capital of The Gambia, Banjul, in 1816, and it was Bathurst that gave it its name, in reference to the city's founder, Sir James Balfour, the son of Sir William Baffin. This was the first time in Gambian history that Britain had been an established European power, as it is now known as Ban jul.
For many years, the official name was "Gambia," derived from the name of the city of Banjul, a port city on the Gambia River in northeast Africa. A small group of Mandingos settled in Gambie in the 12th and 13th centuries, and in both the 13th and 14th centuries a Mandingo empire based in Mali dominated. The early states paid tribute to the kingdom of Mali, but later different groups created small kingdoms along the Gambian river valley.
Eastern Gambia was part of the great West African empire that flourished for more than a millennium, beginning with Ghana (300 AD). At various times it was home to a number of different West African kingdoms, including the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, Senegal, Guinea and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. The first written mention of "Gambia" dates back to the 12th century, in a letter from the King of Senegal to his brother in law in Mali. Trade was crucial for Gambia because of its proximity to the Mediterranean and its access to trade routes to Europe.
Gold and ivory were the most important industries, but there was a flourishing slave trade that marked the defining period in Gambia's history. The British tried unsuccessfully to end the slave trade to Gambie, and in 1807 the slave trade was abolished in the British Empire. It was one of the most important periods of economic development in West Africa in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with gold, ivory and gold mining as the main sources of income for the people, while the burgeoning slave trade was another formative period in his history. In 1808, after the outbreak of World War I and the collapse of slavery in Europe, the British tried unsuccessfully to end the slave trade into the Gambian Empire, but it was abolished. In 1789, before the end of the war in Africa, during which time gold and ivory were among his most important industries.